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Showing posts with label human rights. Show all posts
Showing posts with label human rights. Show all posts

Thursday, December 14, 2017

Tibet, the Water Tower of Asia

Tibet, the Water Tower of Asia

Lobsang Sangay, president of the Central Tibetan Administration, is increasing the efforts to raise awareness about the deteriorating human rights situation in Tibet. Recently he visited Scandinavia and Canada and last week he visited the United States to discuss the Tibet issue and the U.S.-China bilateral relationship.

Globcal International's Goodwill Ambassador Maria Veneke Ylikomi had the great honour to interview Lobsang Sangay, or "Sikyong" as his Tibetan title is, during the president's visit in Sweden. The interview was made for the Swedish magazine Gränslöst, with the theme of human rights, democracy and tolerance. News about justice – for all.




"What we say is that we want to walk with the Chinese government, we want to talk with the Chinese government and we want a mutually acceptable solution with the Chinese government. It is to seek genuine autonomy as per Chinese laws for the Tibetan people", said Lobsang Sangay.

Sikyong studied International Law at Harvard Law School in the United States. In 2011, he got elected as president of the Tibetan-government-in-exile, Central Tibetan Administration, based in Dharamsala, India.

"I spent 16 years in America and learned quite a bit. And 2011 I ran for the election. I didn’t think I would win, my mother didn’t think I would win, no one thought I would win, but I won. And then I decided to move to India, to leave Harvard and leave my job in America. I didn’t find it that difficult, mental adjustment."

Below is the article which was published in the Swedish magazine Gränslöst:

Tibet’s president in exile – visiting Sweden

Tibet’s President in exile, Dr Lobsang Sangay, or “Sikyong” as his Tibetan title is, visited Sweden on November 14–15. The Swedish visit was arranged by the Swedish Tibet Committee together with the Tibetan Community in Sweden. The President had a hectic program during the two days in Sweden. The magazine Gränslöst received an exclusive interview with the Tibetan leader.

Gränslöst Magazine: Interview with the President of Tibet

by Maria Veneke Ylikomi, for the Swedish magazine Gränslöst, 2017-11-22

It is a sunny morning in November when Gränslöst meets Lobsang Sangay at a hotel in Stockholm. He talks about the challenges that the Tibetan people are facing. He says that human rights violations are the most pressing issues today.

– There is political repression, cultural assimilation, environmental destruction, social discrimination and economic marginalization.

As an example of cultural assimilation, Sikyong mentions the Tibetan language.

– The Chinese law says that Tibetan language should be not only used but should be encouraged. But in practice, it is discouraged and not used.

Lobsang Sangay says that 150 Tibetans have burned themselves to death.

– Few young students burned themselves saying we want to use Tibetan language in Tibetan schools. That is severe.

Lobsang Sangay explains that Tibet totally lacks independent media.

– Reporters without Borders have said that it’s more difficult to have access to Tibet for journalists than North Korea. So, if you try to get a visa as a journalist to go to Tibet, Chinese Embassy will say no, you cannot go.

Lobsang Sangay thinks that the water issue is very important not only for Tibet but for the whole Asia.

– Tibet is called the water tower of Asia. The ten major rivers of Asia flow from the Tibetan Plateau.

As examples of rivers flowing from Tibet, Sikyong mentions the rivers Indus, Brahmaputra, Mekong, Irrawaddy, Yangtze and Yellow River.

– Yellow River is the cradle of Chinese civilization. 1.4 billion people depend on freshwater flowing from Tibet. So it’s very serious. China has 19 per cent of the world population but only 12 per cent of freshwater, which means already 400 million Chinese are facing scarcity of water. The situation in other parts of Asia is bad.

Sikyong explains that China wants to divert the Tibetan rivers to the inner parts of China.

– There was one report that they want to divert Brahmaputra River, which is a lifeline for northeast of India and Bangladesh. They want to divert to Xinjiang, which is a very dry area. If that river is diverted, millions of people in northeast of India and Bangladesh will suffer.

The Tibetan Plateau is sometimes called “The Third Pole”.

– After Antarctic and Arctic, Tibet has the third highest reserve of ice. And Tibet also acts like the cooler or the refrigerator of the world. It is so high and so cold, covered in snow. Tibet has 46 000 glaciers. Nasa says, by 2100, one third will disappear, or even as high as two thirds will disappear. If two thirds of Tibetan glaciers disappear, what will happen to 1.4 billion people who are depending on water from the Tibetan Plateau? It is a very serious issue. One scientist in University of California said “if you want to understand climate change and global warming, it won’t be complete without understanding the Tibetan Plateau”.

Sikyong says that Chinese environmentalists are proposing to declare Tibet as the Third Pole National Park.

– Chinese government is not listening, so all the big companies are exploiting mineral resources of Tibet. And they are also exploiting all other kinds of minerals, cutting down trees and building a lot of hydro projects in Tibet regions and rivers. It is Chinese companies and Chinese leaders and officials who are profiting from all this kind of businesses.

Lobsang Sangay explains that deforestation causes natural disasters and floods.

– The Tibetan Plateau affects the climate all the way to Europe, whether the Sweden winter is cold or warm, whether there is heat wave in Europe or not, is partly determined by the climate change on the Tibetan Plateau. So the Tibet issue is a global environmental issue.

For the Tibetan leader Lobsang Sangay, Gandhi’s non-violent philosophy, ahimsa, is the right way to go.

– There is so much violence already in the world. If you can solve the issue, any issue, based on ahimsa and non-violence, it is always good. We are advocating this. There are people who are interested, there are people who are supportive, but unfortunately the Chinese government and Chinese leaders are not listening, so that’s where the challenge is.

Photo: Office of Tibet

Sikyong explains that Tibetan Buddhists are not given the right to peaceful demonstrations.

– Larung Gar monastery had 12 000 monks and nuns. From last year August to this year August, it was destroyed and reduced to 5 000 monks and nuns. 7 000 were expelled. Three nuns committed suicide. So you can clearly see, peaceful demonstration by Buddhist monks and nuns is impossible. Larung Gar and the surrounding mountains are surrounded by troops.

Sikyong believes that rise of nationalism is a global challenge.

– There is decrease in internationalism and there is rise of nationalism. In North America, Europe, Asia, it is a reality. And the Chinese nationalism is a new thing. So how we handle that is a big test. That’s the big challenge for the globe, for the whole world. We must continue the path of internationalism and liberalism. The world is getting smaller in the sense we all are integrated, the borders become porous, are intermingling. The liberal pulse is the best way to go. The rise of nationalism and extremism is creating more obstacles for general peace and harmony in the world.

Lobsang Sangay’s parents fled to India from Tibet in 1959.

– I grew up in a small village, in a place called Darjeeling. Darjeeling is known for tea. But I was not from the town. I was from the village. My family did not have much, only one acre of land, two–three cows, one dozen chicken. On my winter vacation I cut grass for cows, cut wood for home. I went to a refugee school, studied hard and worked hard.

Later in life, Lobsang Sangay received a Fulbright Scholarship to study International Law at Harvard Law School in the United States, where he got a doctorate degree. In 2011, he got elected as President of the Tibetan-government-in-exile, based in Dharamsala, India. He left America, Harvard, and went to Dharamsala to work for the Central Tibetan Administration.

– Since childhood, when you hear the stories from your parents, how much they suffered, how difficult it was, that inculcate some sense of responsibility in you.

Sikyong explains that His Holiness the Dalai Lama is a good helping hand.

– He thinks I am doing okay, helping the Tibetan cause. I meet him regularly. Just one week before I travelled to this part of the world, I met him twice in one week. I inform him and he advise me, so I get to meet regularly. He is a good support for me in everything I do.

In conclusion, Sikyong says he likes nature.

– I like forests, I like mountains, I like fresh air. And I like cows.

Gränslöst (borderless/limitless in the Swedish language) is a Swedish magazine with the theme of human rights, democracy and tolerance. News about justice – for all.

Tuesday, August 30, 2016

New Global Human Identity Standards

New Global Identity Standards World-Wide

This year the World Economic Forum (WEF) with the collaboration of many well known and many not so well known corporate and nongovernmental organizations devised a new road map (blueprint) this month for the global financial community to utilize here-forth for everyone's mutual benefit and financial protection beyond our borders to establish a universal (global) identity verification system.

Security Document World said, "In the report, the WEF calls on financial institutions to lead the charge in developing robust digital identity solutions that would bring benefits to users, financial institutions, and society as a whole."

Lots of New Articles

Digital biometric scanner, soon to be very commonplace at international ports.
Over the last several weeks we have seen a great increase in the number of news articles being presented involving identity, biometric identification, digital banking and new governmental identification programs on our 'Human Rights and Identity' news feed. In the United States last week the government began to require biometric (digital) photo identification (Real ID) at government facilities including all military bases and institutional centers.

The United Nations with the World Bank announced late last year the ID4D, Identification for Development program which promises that they will work to help see that every human being on the planet has an identity by 2020. Since 2014 over 50 new multi-million corporations have quietly emerged globally to work and contract their innovative services and products for banks, people and governments.

Perhaps you have heard of some of the larger well-known corporations and global players that are being recognized as leaders of the new identification industry; PayPal, Deloitte, Unisys, Experian, Caribou Digital, Facebook, and Consent are working together as a consortium of corporations in these innovations right now. The United States and United Kingdom governments also have great interests and involvement in pushing forward and creating the new identity industries that will have an annual value in the hundreds of billions of dollars per year.
MeReal Cards private secure fool-proof biometrics.

Human Identity Revolution

Taking the lead in the human identity revolution in recent years has not been the United States but surprisingly is India, Pakistan, Honduras, Ecuador and Brazil who are all using digital biometric elements for human identification at their borders and in airports.

Between now and 2020, as a research analyst, I can safely speculate that there will 300,000+ universal identity verification terminals will be installed in airports, border crossings, checkpoints, and sea ports around the world accepting over 1000 different passports and electronic access credentials. Within the industry many anticipate many new emerging states and jurisdictions all using high tech credentials. All people including diplomats identity will be referenced in the global system based on their legal credentials.

Nation-states will not be the sole providers of identification, the corporations listed above are as integral in the system as the government once was and so are companies like Coca-Cola, Google, IBM, WWF, and other transnational global corporations and organizations with special international employment credentials, services and protection.

Changing the System after 83 Years

Many people do not realize but it has only been since about 1933 that nations have been fully involved in collecting data, claiming people and registering their citizens as assets. Only now citizens, (people) of all types will become more versatile (free?) in to whom 'they choose' to serve as citizens, demonstrating self-determination and taking on their social responsibility as residents of a country or place, which is in essence what citizenship is all about anyway. It is a whole new ball game under our true human rights!

Non-National Blockchain Identification

It is suggested that neither the government or state can be trusted with our identity and several years ago people began to experiment with encrypted digital block-chains online that are like indelible electronic ink.

Many people are betting the revolution will be dominated by non-national blockchain registries of confidential encrypted data based on a similar system as Bitcoin. Recently we witnessed the rollout of Bitnation Pangaea which offers a comfortable solution for those who wish to protect their privacy. Their system allows for contract registration, notarization of documents and marriages.

A recent article from 'themerkle' identifies four blockchain companies focusing on secure digital identity solutions. The companies named in the article are Evernym, Blockstack Labs, KYC-Chain, and UniquID, all the companies have clear developments and niches staked out.

There will be private, dual, multi-national, corporate, university, cooperative, organizational and nation-state citizenships; I imagine that the transitional period to acquire all of our human rights will strangely enough all compete for our allegiance as their human capital and all have a hand in defining our identity in an official way.

Understanding the new system is hard to imagine until you understand the new emergent law based on the (new) Universal Declaration of Human Rights and place yourself at sea (stateless) without any citizenship. Our concept resolves the problem of finding a place to land your ship based on the law, your knowledge, education, experience, abilities and asset value as a human being within our cooperative or in your identity as a global citizen instead of a refugee or stateless person. The best thing about our stateless neocitizenship development is that it utilizes other accepted systems as our base.

Rapid Change Ahead

From the great advancement and progress we currently see in government use of biometric identification, we should expect that all nations and territories will soon meet the new international requirements within the next five years. Governments in some countries already restrict access to national and state parks, top organizations around the world have special biometric digital identification for their executive and volunteer assets.

The new industry-focused documents we found online this week reveal great new opportunities and outstanding potential for entrepreneurs with ideals to create both soft, medium and hard identification systems. However the way the industry is developed there will be little chance to enter the horizontal global market so would-be market developers and thinkers need to decide which floor they want to begin with.

"New entrants into this space will have to navigate a layer that may look like a sandwich filling between two slices of bread, one being Facebook’s (at the moment) light verification identity platform and the other being any state-led identity platform—in other words, at both ends of the spectrum there are incumbents which will be difficult to compete against."

"Advancements in biometrics, encryption, and distributed computing are leading to sophisticated technology solutions and new business models for managing digital identity. But again we must emphasize that while the technology is easy to focus on, the 'analog complements' in this sector—the regulatory environments, political structures, cultural attitudes, and more—are just as critical for success, especially given their diversity across different markets."

Banking Technology and Safety

It does not stop here, people that need to use money and the financial system will be able to use their natural biometric indicators like fingerprints, iris scans, cards with microchips, cellular smartphones, or passports and other identity devices. The financial sector is the strongest component behind personal identity verification and international security, they are insisting on biometrics.

The more that is known about the things that occur in our civil societies and civilization bring safety and security to the law abiding and good people that we all want to be. The ideals regarding identity, human taxonomy, corporate citizenship, and migration being implemented today will revolutionize life on the planet and how we perceive ourselves as human beings. It will make sustainability a reality, reduce corruption and make life more accountable.

Follow this subject by following our Human Identity News Feed, new stories daily! Globcal International provides access to a variety of news feeds to our members and the public to know the current trends and adapt with the changes ahead.

Friday, July 15, 2016

Human Rights Central to Global Agenda

Reigniting Commitments to Human Rights

Anarchists, non-state actors, international NGOs, corporations and governments themselves must all embrace, respect and understand the international ideals of human rights to become responsible and sustainable. Zero tolerance for human rights violators must exist universally. There are no legal guidelines for the ownership of a human individual except through their own voluntary service as a citizen of a nation, employee of a corporation or as a member of a civil society.

Human rights are not ‘Abstract Ideas,’ must be main tool in meeting development targets – Ban

12 July 2016 – Far greater emphasis must be placed on human rights as the international community continues to work towards implementing the agreed-upon sustainable development agenda, because it is the most powerful driver of peace and development, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said today.

“Human rights are norms and standards, against which institutions and Governments are measured. But they are not just abstract ideas, or aspirations to be addressed once peace and development have been attained. They call for extremely specific and concrete actions on the part of States and other authorities,” the Secretary-General said at the opening of a High-Level Thematic Debate of the General Assembly on human rights at the center of the global agenda, taking place today and tomorrow at UN Headquarters in New York.

“In our deeply connected world, all Member States have a shared best interest in promoting individual and collective human rights as a basis for global peace and prosperity,” the Secretary-General added.

The thematic debate consists of an opening segment, a plenary debate with ministerial-level participation, and interactive segments focusing on tackling discrimination and inequalities, strengthening governance, the rule of law and access to justice; and enabling active participation in society. Among the participants are high-level representatives from States, the UN system, regional organizations, human rights bodies and mechanisms, civil society, think tanks and the private sector.

International human rights norms being eroded, warns UN chief

In his remarks, the UN chief highlighted that while much of the world is benefiting from enormous progress in their economic, social, cultural, civil, and political situations, at the same time, racism and homelessness are rising in Europe; organized violence has taken root in parts of Latin America; deadly conflict continues in the Middle East; and economic, social and political marginalization affect millions of people in Asia.

“Some governments are sharply restricting people’s ability to exercise their rights, attacking fundamental freedoms and dismantling judicial institutions that limit executive power. Others are detaining and imprisoning human rights defenders and clamping down on civil society and non-governmental organizations, preventing them from performing their vital work,” the UN chief said.

At the same time, Mr. Ban said, respect for international human rights and humanitarian law is being eroded, as the world faces the highest numbers of people displaced by conflict since the World War II and abuses continue against civilians who are starved, denied humanitarian aid and prevented from moving to places of safety.

“When does this end?” he asked, adding: “The answer must be that it ends now. Governments must meet their responsibilities. The foremost tool for this change is human rights – the most powerful driver of peace and development.”



Noting that Member States have already made a “tremendous step forward” by unanimously agreeing in 2015 on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Secretary-General also said that he launched the Human Rights Up Front initiative in late 2013 as a way to bring together the three pillars of the UN – peace and security, development and human rights – to ensure that human rights concerns are prioritized, and to bring the Charter back to the forefront of the daily activities of the entire UN system.
Human rights ‘at the heart’ of UN 2030 Agenda

“Human rights are at the heart of the seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), from ending poverty to reducing inequality and promoting peaceful and inclusive societies,” the Secretary-General said.

“In this crucial first year of implementation, let us recognize the need for far greater emphasis on human rights across all our work,” he added.

Furthermore, the Secretary-General said that the evidence in country after country over many years shows that repressive policies against violent extremism and terrorism make nobody safe.

“When Governments undertake actions under the guise of counter-terrorism that disregard human rights, they reinforce feelings of exclusion and grievance, increase resentment and fuel extremism and terrorism around the world,” Mr. Ban said.

In that vein, the Secretary-General said that his Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism makes clear that preventing extremism and promoting human rights go hand-in-hand.

“Human rights offer States a clear path towards stability and prosperity. They build confidence and loyalty, as well as thriving political and economic institutions,” Mr. Ban said. “They are an indispensable part of our quest for a safer and more stable world, with dignity for all.”

Assembly President urges world leaders to ‘reignite’ commitment to human rights

Also speaking at the opening of the debate was General Assembly President Mogens Lykketoft, who highlighted that less than a year ago, all 193 Member States of the Assembly had adopted the 2030 Agenda, providing hope that the world could be transformed for the better.

“But if today’s leaders do not reignite their commitment to human rights; reject the rhetoric of division and hate; and address the drivers of today’s tensions – joblessness, inequalities, climate change, and abuses of power – then that hope will quickly give way to despair,” he stressed.

For its part, the thematic debate serves as an opportunity to examine the UN’s own shortcomings in the area of human rights, and to understand how the emphasis on human rights in the 2030 Agenda and the recent reviews on peace and security impact on the Organization’s overall approach to the subject.

“We must not allow the culture of human rights that has been created these past seventy years to unravel,” Mr. Lykketoft said.

“In addition to the efforts of individual Member States and others, we must ensure that the United Nations, 70 years after its founding, continues to be a bulwark against threats to human rights,” he added.

Republished from UN News Center

Monday, June 06, 2016

Pros and Cons of Global Citizenship

Global Citizenship: A Diverse Concept

Now that the world has begun to change (radically and quickly) with the new globalization movement of a corporate world based on best practices, transparency, accountability and credibility to foster the ideal world we want to see under the ideals of a sustainable planet with the United Nations and the Global Goals; the role of the human being and our identity is also being redefined.

On April 18th, 2016 the Universal Declaration on Human Rights was revised and improved to meet the needs of the human being and our role as the residents of the planet and the Global Citizenship Commission was introduced to expand our rights as human beings and participants of a healthy planet.

"We belong to the earth, the earth does not belong to us!" -Ambassador Col. David J. Wright

DPI/NGO Conference on Global Citizenship held in Korea

A global education action agenda affirming the importance of Sustainable Development Goal 4 – ensuring inclusive and equitable quality education and promoting lifelong opportunities for all – was adopted in Gyeongju, Republic of Korea.

Speaking from the podium at the 66th United Nations Department of Public Information (DPI)/Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) Conference, Ms. Cristina Gallach, UN Under-Secretary-General for Communications and Public Information, said “This Conference has demonstrated another example of the value for the United Nations in investing in partnership with academia and NGOs.”

The Gyeongju Action Plan provides concrete guidance for NGOs around the world to enhance their ability to lobby governments to commitment to implementing the Sustainable Sustainable Development Goals and mobilize NGOs in communities on the ground.

“The United Nations is committed to continue to support and partner with NGOs and academia in our joint efforts to advocate for and successfully implement the 2030 Agenda,” Ms. Gallach continued.

The newly adopted Action Plan includes a series of concrete measures for NGOs around the world to jump-start implementation of the 2030 Agenda at the grass roots level.

Dr. Scott Carlin, Conference Co-chair and Associate Professor of Geography at Long Island University, said “NGOs from around the world brought passion and expertise to lively final consultations on the outcome document. We are grateful for all of the inputs received and very proud of the Gyeongju Action Plan.”

“We hope that Gyeongju was an inspirational setting for finalizing a truly unifying action plan that will be useful for NGOs, wherever they are working,” added Co-Chair Dr.Yukang Choi.

First Youth Declaration

For the first time in the history of the DPI/NGO Conference, youth also developed and issued a Youth Declaration.

Ms. Gallach pointed out that youth had “come in great numbers, demonstrating the value that they see in partnering with the United Nations.”

Ahmad Alhendawi, the Secretary-General's Envoy on Youth, noted “the Conference not only reinforced the critical role of NGOs to achieve a vision for the 2030 Agenda, but also stressed the urgency for greater investments in education for Global Citizenship to unlock the potential of this massive generation of children and youth.”

“Unfortunately youth are still not involved enough in policy making processes around the world,” said Ms. Saphira Rameshfar, representative of the Baha'i Community and Conference youth leader.

“The Youth Declaration is a necessary reminder that young people are needed as leaders and decision-makers not only in youth forums and special-purpose councils, but in those spaces where the course and direction of society as a whole are determined,” added Ms. Rameshfar.

The Action Plan was drafted through a global multi-stakeholder consultation process, leading up to, and during the conference. It was adopted at the Conference's final plenary session and will be shared widely with civil society as well as the UN Secretary-General, the UN System, Member States and learning communities.

Related Articles

There are a number of relative articles and ideals that can be investigated and explored that justify the ideal world where fairness and collective prosperity can be understood. Please delve into them and learn more about our future as global citizens.

DPI/NGO Global Citizenship Conference Highlights (video summary on Facebook)
Conference Action Plan
Ban Ki-moon's Statements from the Conference

Sunday, October 04, 2015

The Stateless Global Citizen

The Global Citizen without a Country?

by Daniel E. Ritchie
within Culture, Education, Foreign Affairs

Within a few years of the September 11 attacks, anyone on a university campus could observe the steady growth of programs and institutes promoting global citizenship. By 2009, a number of my students on a study-abroad trip to the Middle East preferred to be known as global citizens rather than Americans. President Obama, who had proclaimed himself a “citizen of the world” the previous summer, was inaugurated the night we climbed Mount Sinai, and even the brand of water we purchased at the summit— “Baraka”—seemed to proclaim a new world order.

Of the top fifty U.S. News & World Report national universities, 60 percent have programs that identify or describe themselves in terms of global citizenship. So do over half of the top twenty-five colleges. Nearly all of these programs were founded or re-branded since 2001. This is remarkable, but understandable: who would deny that we have responsibilities to the rest of the world, or that we have loyalties beyond our own country? Who doesn’t want our universities to teach more effectively about the rest of the world?

The promise of global citizenship is as expansive as the rhetoric at the opening of a new session at the UN. Unfortunately, it’s often just as empty. To re-phrase H. Richard Niebuhr, this movement often imagines that citizens without countries will bring humans without a nature into society without culture through laws without foundation.
Thomas Paine

Citizens without Countries

Actual citizenship entails formal membership in a particular political community with legally defined rights and duties. We quarrel over what citizenship means in the US because we have a common vocabulary to describe that membership. By contrast, you can easily lose your path upon entering the thicket of theory that marks the language of the global citizenship movement.

In their 2002 book Global Citizenship, Nigel Williams and John Dower define the global citizen as a member of the wider community of all humanity, or some whole that is wider than that of a nation-state. This membership involves a significant identity, loyalty, or commitment beyond the nation-state.

The global citizen who gets the highest praise typically works for a secular nongovernmental organization (NGO) such as Greenpeace, Amnesty International, or Doctors Without Borders. But the definition would also apply to the adherents of any world religion and to many employees of multinational corporations.

Still, none of these people has actual political membership in a global community where he must “rule and be ruled,” as Aristotle described the citizen. Religions and NGOs are not self-sufficient. Their members don’t have to debate policies that radically affect everyone in the community where they live. Above all, members’ participation is voluntary, unlike that of a citizen. Their loyalties may be “dissolved by the fancy of the parties,” to quote Edmund Burke’s critique of the revolutionary notion of citizenship in France. In short, they may contribute to the civil society of one nation, or several, but they are not “citizens” of any global entity—and some of the theorists admit as much.

The problem is not that the movement uses the term “citizenship” loosely. The problem comes from its view that citizenship in an actual country is merely arbitrary or contingent.

Theorists of global citizenship often appeal to Diogenes’ famous declaration: “I am a citizen of the world.” Like him, they deny that any actual political community can compete with their allegiance to universal human rights and global justice. But in fixing a gulf between the temporal and the universal or spiritual, they often fall into that classic Western temptation: Gnosticism. For them, the place of one’s birth is merely accidental—“morally irrelevant,” to use Martha Nussbaum’s phrase.

As their critics point out, they place little value on the legal, social, and cultural histories of the countries that have protected the rights and established the social benefits they champion. Instead, their faith is in lists of principles that will be carried out sometime in the future.

When looking for a paradigmatic world citizen, these writers often point to Thomas Paine, Burke’s most famous antagonist. “My attachment is to all the world,” he wrote, “and not to any particular part.” Paine was good at stirring up the revolutionary spirit in 1776, but John Adams rapidly concluded that Paine had “a better hand at pulling down than building.” Eager to drum up American support for the revolution in France, Paine tried unsuccessfully to win George Washington over to the cause.

As an honorary French citizen, Paine accepted a seat in the National Assembly, despite his poor understanding of the language. Thrown into prison during the Terror, he blamed Washington for not springing him free. It seems that the world citizen was now claiming American citizenship and the rights pertaining thereunto.

Paine’s story captures the problem perfectly. If you’re attached to the entire world, you needn’t even learn the language of the country you’re legislating for. But if you get in trouble, complain to Washington.

Humans without a Nature

It’s impossible to read the material on global citizenship without respecting its adherents’ commitment to human rights, peace, and global access to education, medicine, clean water, and food. 

Yet theory is the lifeblood of the global citizenship movement, and that theory is usually abstracted from actual practices and particular societies. “The core of the cosmopolitan moral orientation,” writes Luis Cabrera, “is that individuals, not states, nations, or other groupings, are morally primary.” That often means individuals are considered apart from their actual, social lives.
Edmund Burke

The world would no doubt be a much better place if all political, social, and civil rights were respected. But to quote Burke again:

this sort of people are so taken up with their theories about the rights of man, that they have totally forgot his nature. Without opening up one new avenue to the understanding, they have succeeded in stopping up those that lead to the heart.

Burke’s politics, like Aristotle’s, follow from his concept of human nature. Aristotle wrote that the good human life could not be attained outside political communities. Rulers must therefore be concerned for the virtue of citizens. Burke agrees: only in civil society is man capable of achieving “the perfection of which his nature is capable.”

“Human nature,” “perfection,” “virtue”: these terms rarely come up in discussions of global citizenship. But without a common language for inquiring into the nature of humanity as something other than an arbitrary social construct, how can we agree on human rights?

Society without Culture

Like Thomas Paine, most theorists of global citizenship have little interest in the complexities of the actual societies and governments that mediate between the individual and the universal community. One can read book after book on global citizenship without learning anything about any particular culture.

This paradox has its source in “the cosmopolitan orientation” that Cabrera described: the individual is morally primary, not the nation or any other grouping. Unfortunately, in seeking to create sympathy for individuals around the world, cosmopolitanism systematically devalues the affection that most people have for their home culture.

Once again, the contrast with the career of Edmund Burke could not be more revealing. Although Burke’s fame rests on his criticism of the French Revolution, his last fourteen years in Parliament were equally concerned with Britain’s mistreatment of the peoples of India. To that end, Burke led an impeachment effort against the Governor-General of Bengal, Warren Hastings.

Burke became intensely interested in the land and peoples of India; he studied the Qur’an, pored over maps, examined Muslim and Hindu sources of law, and hosted the high-caste Brahmin who came to Britain to plead the case of the Mahratta people.

Creating sympathy for India was difficult. In his India speeches, Burke stresses similarities between Indian and British customs as seen in particular religious, social, or legal practices. By pointing out the affinities between the customs of British and Indian cultures, Burke tried to pass along the sympathy for India that he had begun to feel. At a deeper level, he argued that when customs and laws benefit a people, however alien they appear to us, they show their faithfulness to the underlying natural law that governs the cosmos.

Burke’s appeals to natural law, Providence, and justice are inseparable from the actual laws, customs, and misdeeds of people, both in Britain and India. His globalism is the opposite of that of the contemporary global citizen. Burke finds the universal embodied in the actual practices of citizens and the natural expressed in local customs. Burke did not conceive of India as an inferior, exotic “other.” It was precisely his attachment to cherished British cultural forms that enabled him to see the value of India’s analogous but different traditions.

Law without Foundation 

For Burke, sympathy moves from the heart to the understanding by way of the moral imagination. Particular, embodied persons and institutions come first, along with the affection and sympathy they create.

From his earliest writings on Ireland, Burke’s thought derives its moral power from his belief in the rational order established by God for the providential guidance of the cosmos. At the end of his four-day speech at the opening of Hastings’ impeachment, Burke concludes:

I impeach him in the name of the Commons of Great Britain in parliament assembled, whose parliamentary trust he has betrayed . . . I impeach him in the name of the people of India, whose laws, rights and liberties he has subverted . . . I impeach him in the name and by virtue of those eternal laws of justice which he has violated. I impeach him in the name of human nature itself, which he has cruelly outraged, injured and oppressed, in both sexes, in every age, rank, situation and condition of life.

Burke begins with the specific “parliamentary trust” that Hastings has betrayed and only then moves to the “eternal laws of justice.” His principles are general, but they are not abstracted from the situation in which they arise. They are universal but, unlike the French revolutionaries’ language of rights, they cannot be disembodied from their social context.

Reading the theorists of global citizenship is a different experience in every way. They reject the rational, divinely ordered cosmos of Burke. Like other postmodern thinkers, they are skeptical of narratives that try to describe a society’s history over time. They consistently downgrade our obligations to the communities into which we are born. Instead, they put forward lists of principles (equal worth, autonomy, etc.) that aspire to universal acceptance and binding obligation. Once we depreciate the ways in which actual societies have justified their laws and traditions, however, it’s hard to imagine much enthusiasm for founding a global society on such general principles.

A rare exception to this approach is Kwame Anthony Appiah. Like Burke, Appiah reflects critically and sympathetically on various stories, customs, and images from his past. Raised in Ghana, Appiah’s cosmopolitanism is rooted in conversations with people about particular novels, histories, films, and works of art and philosophy—not in abstract principles. His few universal beliefs seem to arise naturally from these conversations. Like Burke in his India speeches, he provides a model of listening to voices from other cultures, of optimism that a generous mind can gain moral guidance from them, and of affection for the people, institutions, and customs he encounters along the way.

When I returned to Egypt in 2012, a year after the January 25 revolution, I heard nationalistic language and saw nationalistic imagery. I didn’t miss the absence of global rhetoric, but I would have felt more optimistic about the future if these affections had lined up with the second half of Burke’s approach—an underlying order that goes beyond Egyptian politics or an Islamic society.

Obviously, successful legal reforms in any contemporary country would differ from anything Burke had in mind. Still, his way of going about that task has much to teach our cosmopolitan age. Ultimately, he passes down to us an embodied version of a familiar phrase: love your neighbor as you love yourself. We cannot do better than that.

Daniel E. Ritchie is Professor of English at Bethel University in Minnesota. This article was written with research assistance from Amy Riggins. They would like to thank the Edgren Scholarship Fund of Bethel University for research support.

Original publication by Daniel E. Ritchie, September 4th, 2014. Re-published by Globcal International as a significant article on the topic of global citizenship.

Tuesday, September 15, 2015

Mother Earth's New World Order (People's Utopia)

If you have not heard the untold and unspoken of news of the world; let me share some perspective as the author of Globcal International, a cooperative international non-governmental organization (CiNGO). Feel free to re-publish and share this news commentary, and learn more about this topic today by reviewing the links at the end of the article. Be informed!

A New Sustainable Earth managed by Global Citizens

Beginning today when the UN General Assembly convenes we begin launching a program involving global citizenship and personal individual autonomy as a verified and credentialed member of the new emerging global system. Global citizenship will be the new ideal of personhood and identity that erases the political lines of discrimination based on heritage, race or national bias; they will be the first people to be defined by their individual good character, active participation in civil society, and their personal expertise applied in their lives, their success as change advocates will be relative to the experience and skills that any global citizen can contribute to the greater civilization.
Setting the mood for the new global world.

This is our big chance to make a difference and become equal which will enable collective and cooperative realities where everyone benefits and prospers.

Big Events and Change have been Announced

In one more week, 193+ national representative leaders, thousands of cities, iNGOs, and over 30 United Nations Specialized Organizations will make a pact with the Pachamama (Mother Earth) and its 7.3 billion people when they gather to ratify extreme measures to recover the planet, stop global warming, and develop international cooperation. The SDG agreement has 17 basic goals, also it been endorsed by the Dalai Lama, Barack Obama and the Pope. Evo Morales will be there too with the Plurinational State of Bolivia's Law to the Rights of Mother Earth enacted in 2010.

Indigenous and aboriginal peoples from around the world recently expressed their interest and involvement directly through tribal leaders and through organizations such as our own to facilitate their global participation in the world's redevelopment and affirm their roles as global citizens. 

A worldwide ecological agenda may seem like nonsense to many who are embroiled in local issues and state politics that have no concept of the world (condition of the planet) any further than they can see or concentrate upon. The world began to think collectively and more globally in the mid-nineties with the inception of the Internet and its broader public use releasing people from the enclaves of politics and their wholly operated media companies. 

Understanding the world from a local perspective is relative and essential to realizing the needs of a particular constituency, which has been a good thing especially for those who are lucky enough to have qualified local representatives (politicians) that appeal to their needs (few of us do, they are all corrupted by corporations and other business); the only great change is in perception and being responsible for the impact of local and individual activity relative to the global scheme of things. Corruption will be difficult or impossible once the new system is in place.

A Global Ecosystem

It is hard for some people to understand that the people of New York, Mexico City, Beijing, Moscow and London are all dependent on natural global ecosystems beyond their jurisdiction and physical reach as a state or as a population. Their responsibility as consumers of air directly implicates them as users of the oxygen molecules being produced by the Amazon and Congo.

In the new emerging ecosystem based civilization, locality will be the operational platform for our general individual existence as sustainable global citizens. It will be where we have the opportunity to participate in moving forward the sustainable development goals and become an integral element of the ecosystem.

Considering decentralized organization and mobilization of the United Nations Regional Commissions and Specialized Divisions, their locations around the world combined with the integral and interactive existing infrastructures of 193 political states and thousands of non-governmental organizations in agreement with making the change for the betterment of the planet and its inhabitants.

An International Rule of Law

Creating Utopia from the United Nations "Rule of Law" UNROL is simply agreeing to the same principle rights we have established for ourselves under the United Nations already like the historical Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 and the most recent Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in 2007, these global agreements combined together give us the Bill of Human Rights and the standard for international law. Other major agreements that are being implemented to create a utopian world include the Rio Declaration on the Environment and Sustainable Development which was originally ratified by 178 nations.

Rightfully so is the Pachamama, the changes will dominate our lives much like the indigenous peoples have understood for thousands of years that the most sacred of everything is the earth itself, as the earth's first inhabitants they are also the first global citizens before the existence of countries and states. People will have little option except to yield to mother earth and seek forgiveness for the damage already caused by humanity and unsustainable industrialization.

Read more about the people's new world order, get involved now with the SDGs, stake your claim, define your career participation, learn more, about the emerging ecosystem based planet. It is possible to brace and prepare yourself for the changes ahead. It is my personal opinion that it is best to realize what is going before it happens instead of becoming a victim of the circumstances of change later.

Links and other information about change!

Globcal International (Watch for News Releases) Global Citizen Goodwill Ambassadors
Agenda 21 revised (17 SDGs Agreed Upon on the 23rd Anniversary of the Earth Summit)
Law of the Rights of Mother Earth
Global Citizenship (Encyclopedia)
Pope's Encyclical "Laudato Si"


Incase you did not know the 21st General Assembly of the UNWTO (World Travel Organization) convened on the 12th of September in Colombia. Great new bold decisions being made this year by 900 delegates from 120 nations through the 17th of the month in Medellin. The results of this assembly will place the new Post-2015 Agenda and the UN SDGs well ahead as a practical and socially responsible way of doing business, developing tourism, and making the planet sustainable.

Commentary article and analysis by Ambassador Col. David Wright on the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDGs) and the Post-2015 Agenda. Col. Wright is a goodwill ambassador for Globcal International and the United Nations SDGs, he has been involved in the promotion of sustainable redevelopment since 1988. 

Thursday, April 09, 2015

Are you a social dissident or a civil society advocate?

I read an email this morning that asked me if I were a dissident of society, since I consider myself a revolutionary (re-evolutionary or re-voluntarist) which is often confused with 'dissident' so I decided to read it through. At least in my mind "dissident" is the complete opposite, so it was a psych trigger response, it is the revolutionaries that bring positive changes, dissidents are usually abstainers or objectors, they could be lots of other things too like alcoholics, pessimists, or drug addicts.

Dissidents today are also those who promote the status quo and refute positive and otherwise needed change. Have you ever heard the quote, "If you are not part of the solution then you are the problem." that would be a dissident too. But maybe dissent can be good? Thomas Jefferson said, "Dissent is the highest form of patriotism."

George Washington, Ben Franklin, Francisco Miranda, Thomas Paine and Jefferson were all great revolutionary leaders, all very liberal and progressive, the monarchs definitely saw them as dissidents. Today we enjoy modern revolutionaries including Barack Obama, George Bush, the Dalai Lama, Queen Elizabeth, and Pope Francis who have all been revolutionary in their own ways forging major global changes, among their constituencies, and with other world leaders that will affect everyone's future on the planet indefinitely. None of them were ever considered dissidents though.

The global struggle to separate the church from the state is an ongoing one, cooperative global governance remains a top-priority in the United Nations to establish global universal equality among all people. Prejudice, politics, discrimination, fundamentalism, and intolerance for personal freedoms under a global understanding continue to plague humanity. Many fear corporate governance and fascism, that's the category I fall into.

I am a goodwill ambassador not a dissident, or can I be both?
Goodwill defined means friendly, helpful, or cooperative feelings or attitude. "the plan is dependent on goodwill between the two sides" synonyms: benevolence, compassion, goodness, kindness, consideration, charity; cooperation, collaboration; friendliness, amity, thoughtfulness, decency, sympathy, understanding, neighborliness "your acts of goodwill have not gone unnoticed"
The subject line in the email read, "Are you some kind of dissident? Personally I am not, but I soon realized when reading it that many of my friends may be in some way from my perspective; this is because they are not in sync with the changes, indisposed, uninterested, or just too self-centered (ego-isolated) struggling to survive and pursue a decent life, I can't blame them for that, but I often pity them as victims of the matrix instead of its playing characters. They have little time to take to understand all the changes that are really occurring (now so quickly) in and all over the world or how our futures are connected in a single sustainable global ecosystem.

Making the change we want is required of all people living in a society or community. Being a responsible member of society also means being informed, getting involved, and showing personal goodwill!

It said in the email: "Some of us might like to call ourselves the more positive-sounding "civil society advocates" - which seems to be a label popping up at the Summit of the Americas​ now going on in Panama​. Being a "civil society advocate" is positively tame and a helluvalot less aggressive than being an "activist" or "agent of change" or than being an underground-sounding "agent of resistance", let alone being a system-changing "revolutionary"." -Sustainability Doings, Newsletter

Time for Change?

Are you in tune with the mostly "untalked about" "big changes" occurring in the heart of all political and economic circles? Are you ready for big changes to make the world a better place?

Do you find yourself or know someone preoccupied or more worried than they should be about sports scores, fashion, and other nonsense or caught up in local political strife, religion, and over human rights at the state level? Forget about national politics, the only globally accepted laws are the new course of the day. Many years and great pain of labor developed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the Declaration on Sustainable Development, they are all global treaties nations collectively have ratified under the UN that must be adhered to in order to establish the kind of world we want. It is difficult to see the sensibility of some of these perspectives like human rights, indigenous peoples, or the environment when we find ourselves embroiled and clouded in less relevant politics like who will be the next president, governor, or mayor.

All elected officials need to comply and respect the same global international laws since established whether they are Republican, Democrat, Libertarian, or from the People's Party unless they decide to separate from the rest of the world. The only change anyone can make anymore is in favor of these laws. We ratified the first Universal Human Rights law in the 1940's, nations still today have not fully complied with its measures or been able to fully implement it. Perhaps local politics has to do with expedience, which candidate will do a better job, personally I see it is a waste of time, a political official that does not do a good job will be sacked and removed by his own people. The global international system is always fair and based on pretext of many nations, best practices, equality for all people, the laws provide equal administration.

The only way we can really see or understand one may need or want to remove themselves (or part of yourself) from the nation to empower your voice globally and become more capacitated from an international perspective. Study and observe the developments at international level summits and events, like the Summit of the Americas this Friday. Then decide if you want to adopt a new perspective and enfranchise yourself in the international perspective and globalization.

We should all be concerned more with the whole planet than with just our community? Personally I am more concerned with the global aspect, everyone I know today lives someplace else in different countries, including my children and friends; its only natural that I am concerned with the whole planet.

I have a strong sense for all of us to be equal in some way, with equal good fortune, and prosperity under equal collaboration and work efforts that are earnest to grow and flourish in life, no matter what country we live in. These sentiments are at the root of society everywhere within most people on the planet, it's not a national ideal. So how do we get there?

Sustainability is at the heart of all this in case you did not know! Its also the solution through international cooperation. Our global compliance with a pact made by 178 nations in 1992 called Agenda 21 and the development of a resource based economy in a balanced and ecologically sustainable planet scheme is under implementation everywhere on the earth, every nation 180 of them now as of 2012. How it is actually implemented and applied though is the controversial part, and managed under each nation, often corruptly. No matter how you look at it, you are hard pressed to understand "any of it" very well from a nationalistic perspective and may find yourself on the unfortunate or unwilling side of it with a different perspective as a "subject of the changes" we must all yield to as a dissident, instead of promoting a better tomorrow.

Change is the Only Constant

Become part of all of these changes now. Remember, "the future belongs to those who prepare for it!" Get informed, get involved, become a key person in building a balanced sustainable planet and ecosystem where there is no fear or uncertainty, let us create balance. Use your best abilities, your goodwill, to render justice personally in overseas missions and international exchange programs making the world better for everyone.

Today you can now become a global citizen or perhaps even become a goodwill ambassador through Globcal International's special programs like the "Global Citizenship Registry". Global citizenship is a legal status and process developed by Globcal providing special benefits that are available to individuals when traveling promoting goodwill through advocacy and education. It is 100% legal, provides new dual and multiple citizenship opportunities, and is exclusive through our special international pilot program being observed by the United Nations and other international organizations.

I think people really need some real positive change, especially if they have been held down to the system or one place with no real logical ties; or especially if they don't like their current job.

What I notice is that so many people with great skills and abilities, with grand motivations to travel and work globally feel trapped wasting their lives being held in place by family members or through obligations, debts, and financial uncertainty. I say take a chance and dedicate yourself to world service. You do not have to go on a mission right away, there are many things you should know, learn, and must prepare for.

Globcal International

Globcal International sees the future, a globalized future based on local cooperation at an international level, many countries, nations, states, cultures, and people all integral parts of a global world. We see well-intentioned private individuals united through a "cloud of consciousness," through many thousands of organizations effecting positive change (thinking similarly) to ease the pain of change, and giving their goodwill to make change happen.

Industrialized everything was seen many years ago as our own doom, but we were already on the roller-coaster. In 1970 we created Earth Day to be a wake-up call for our ecological downfall, for as long as we have known that we were harming the planet, corporations and governments have been on a spree to claim and dominate the world's remaining resources.

Currently we are seeking global citizens, new ambassadors, social media activists, and reform advocates to promote environmental projects involving international cooperation, ecotourism, sustainability education, and much more. Our goal is to be the change we want to see and teach others our vision.

If you think you can see the world from a different perspective, if you can maintain a non religious, non political, and nongovernmental stance over global issues please contact us and get involved. We have special opportunities for associate, annual and lifetime members with additional programs for volunteers. Be the change you want to see, be part of the future and not a subject of it; join the cooperative. To learn more write to: goodwillembassy@gmail.com

This is a commentary article by Col. David Wright, Col. Wright is a co-founder and chairman of the Globcal International Cooperative Development Commission founded in 2009 during the Summit of the Americas held in Trinidad, this month is their 6th anniversary. For more information about Globcal International or the author please use Google. Opinions and comments may be directed to goodwill@globcal.net 

Thursday, June 18, 2009

World Leaders Coalition to be Launched on Facebook by Globcal


FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE:

International Online Newsfeeds, Thursday, June 18, 2009 -- The World Leaders Coalition is scheduled to initiate its activities on Facebook through Globcal and its groups; the "Facebook People's Embassy" and "Facebook Diplomatic Corps" this Fall. The coalition group consists 32 world leaders and up to 450 other global role models that include movers and shakers like; Nobel prize winners, former presidents, current heads of state, and many well known celebrities currently serving as goodwill ambassadors for the United Nations, the European Union, and other noteworthy organizations and efforts.

The world leaders featured in the program include US President Barack Obama, Brazilian President Lula Da Silva, French President Nicolas Sarkozy, Argentina President Christina Fernandez de Kirchner, and other European, African, Latin American, Caribbean, and Asian Leaders, including the Presidents of China and India. There are also religious and political leaders involved based on the non-conflict peace based coalition message campaign they will support together. Some of the goodwill ambassadors include Oprah Winfrey, Angelina Jolie, Elton John, Sting, and many more.

These leaders and motivated personalities are united through their base public alignment, common beliefs, causes, and similar idealism on certain matters including human rights, organized labor, peace, anti-corruption, cooperation, fair-trade and more. The program is an interactive cross-platform communications sub-network that allows transparency between the extremes using agents (ambassadors) as intermediaries.

It is from the Facebook People's Embassy that anyone on Facebook can communicate with ambassadors from its diplomatic corps whom will be representing the World Leaders Coalition.

The Facebook People's Embassy program ambassadors are assigned for each geopolitical and cultural niche to include most social circles, groups of people, and geo-regions, these Ambassadors are given the privilege to directly post a weekly dispatch and communicate directly with these all of the world leaders collectively. Ambassadors post their weekly dispatch based on their communications in the Embassy and from the special Ambassador pages assigned and authorized by Globcal on local and global matters presented by their constituencies. Dispatches are presented under strict protocols and ambassadors are trained to be familiar with presentation rules and writing style.

The Facebook People's Embassy and the World Leader's Coalition will become fully operational on Facebook beginning in September or October. Their programs and development will be done through the Globcal Cooperative which is developing the contacts and interface for the cross-platform application that permits this facilitated communication that results in "power to the people."

Globcal is working with the Facebook People's Embassy to find, qualify, and train many more ambassadors from many countries, groups, and organizations to feed the World Leader's Coalition communications Dispatch. Since much of the development work is done on a spare time and volunteer basis much additional assistance is also still needed to accrue content for the base website as well.

To follow the news and stay informed join the Embassy and become a Fan of the Globcal page on Facebook. Outside of Facebook you can keep up with new developments by bookmarking Globcal.Org or subscribing to the Globcal blog at Blogger.

For more information contact: Col. David Jeffrey Wright, Founder and Project Developer, Facebook People's Embassy (formerly MUNSNE) in Caracas, Monday through Friday at +58(212)516.03.61 or write to embassy@globcal.org

-30-

The final list of participant leaders will be amended to this article no later that June 19, 2009.