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Showing posts with label global citizenship. Show all posts
Showing posts with label global citizenship. Show all posts

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Promoting International Human Rights and the Rule of Law

Living in a Globalized World

It is not a secret that Globcal International believes in and understands the ideals of the United Nations in protecting human rights and upholding an international rule of law. Our world today is more globalized than ever with nations and corporations depending more and more on international trade and commerce. Without globalization countries like the United Kingdom and the United States would have no coffee, tea, chocolate, avocados, or bananas, either would the others

Over 200 countries and thousands of organizations belong to and depend on the United Nations to make the world a better place and be part of the global community. Most have ratified the international declarations and conventions that have been created by all of the nations collectively. These include the Sustainable Development Goals Agenda, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the Geneva Convention and many others.

Despite this globalization and globalism has become a great threat to many people politically because their governments feel that it threatens their independence and sovereignty. People that oppose the ideals of the UN staunchly have even created conspiracy theories about them and attack its failures which are propagated politically by the same nation-states. 

Watch people around the world reading articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in more than 80 languages. (Photo: United Nations)

People Have No "Human Rights" Except from the UN

While people like the ideal of having human and civil rights, as citizens of their nations they actually do not have any human rights at all except those specified in their own national constitutions. Either way when their human rights or constitutional rights are violated there are no authorities where they can take their grievances except to courts that are part of the same nation that has violated them. 

It is very clear that police and military forces working for the state frequently violate the human and civil rights of their citizens in protests advocating these rights, we have seen this year in Algeria, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Hong Kong, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Lebanon, Ukraine, the United States, Venezuela and many other countries resulting in death and injury of their citizens that will never be addressed or accounted for because the people belong to their nations, much like cattle, chickens and pigs belong to the farmers that raise them.

When people are travelling though, they do implicitly possess international human rights when they are outside of their nation, this is because when they enter a country they do so under these universal rights as unknown civil human beings. As visitors to a country for whatever purpose they simply agree to abide by the general laws and customs of the nation they are visiting, but likewise they do not necessarily possess the constitutional rights afforded to a country's citizens. Likewise they are not obliged by all of the nations laws that are specific to their citizens like paying tax on their income, they do not qualify for the benefits of citizenship, they do not have rights like the ability to vote or to take someone to court, or in many cases even receive police protection.

US citizens and the citizens of the more developed countries are lucky because they are better respected, these countries 'try to take care' of their 'good citizens' when abroad through embassies that help to provide for their needs when travelling. These better developed countries have ambassadors, consulates, or embassies in nearly every country for business, economic development, trade and tourism, how well some of them can take care of their citizens depends on which country we are talking about. Smaller and underdeveloped countries that do not have an embassy often cannot offer any services at all to their citizens, so travellers from these country's depend on the nation they are visiting to respect the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Some of the countries that depend on tourism like Mexico have special police and services that are there specifically for tourists.

There are also countries like Dominica which have completely useless ambassadors with no experience that exist in countries like Malaysia, but do not offer services to citizens and are there only for the benefit of themselves (not even the state) according to a recent report by Al Jazeera. If you are travelling as one of their citizens don't expect much in the way of services while abroad

The chance for a human being to take their government for a violation of their human rights to the International Court of Justice in the Hague is nil to none.

United Nations Declaration of Human Rights

Only the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and countries agreeing with the declaration provide people with basic human rights, but there are no laws or forums 'inside of a country' that can guarantee your human rights outside of those outlined under constitutional laws. According to Wikipedia the United States is in the highest category with 86 of 100 points on the human and civil liberties it provides, it is tied at number 33 in the world with Slovenia, Norway is number one on the World Freedom Index

Human rights are for everyone, today is the 71st anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, it is one of the principle treaties that is supposedly respected by all of its member states. Despite this the greatest violator of these rights remains to be governments and corporations in order to protect their power and wealth. Think about it, we are here at Globcal International.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 10 December 1948, was the result of the experience of the Second World War. (Photo: United Nations)

Our Answer to the Problem

In 2015 with the introduction of the Global Goals for Sustainable Development we introduced a program for individuals based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other treaties that are in force around the world recognized by most nation-states with plans to develop a supplementary identification for global citizens and those who support the ideals of the United Nations. The project we developed was stalled by international politics as the world moved towards nationalism in 2017 and 2018, currently we are reintroducing the program for those who have a valid passport who believe in the ideal of global citizenship, we see it as an answer to nationalized discrimination practices and those who are travelling abroad. The program is available online now and we hope to be able to make our first international complimentary travel documents in 2020 for those who go abroad.

To learn more about our current program please review the Global Citizenship Registration program initiative we have underway. 

Sunday, February 12, 2017

United Nations Global Citizen Essay Contest

UN launches Many Languages for 2017, One World Student Essay Contest

Win a 10 day Expense Paid Trip to New York and meet the Secretary General

Minsk, 7 February (Belarus News) – The United Nations has launched the fourth edition of the Many Languages, One World Student Essay Contest, BelTA learned from the United Nations Department of Public Information in Belarus.

The United Nations Academic Impact, a program of the Outreach Division of the Department of Public Information, and ELS Educational Services invite full-time college and university students 18 years of age or older to take part in the fourth Many Languages, One World Student Essay Contest.

The essay must be 2,000 words or fewer and written in one of the official languages of the United Nations (English, Arabic, Spanish, Chinese, Russian, or French). It must discuss global citizenship and cultural understanding, and the role that multilingual ability can play in fostering these. The essay submission deadline is 16 March.

The winners will be invited to attend the 2017 Many Languages, One World Global Youth Forum to be hosted by Northeastern University. They will be awarded with an all-expense paid trip to Boston and New York City between 15-26 July 2017. The forum participants will present their views at the UN Headquarters in New York and create action plans related to the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Monday, June 06, 2016

Pros and Cons of Global Citizenship

Global Citizenship: A Diverse Concept

Now that the world has begun to change (radically and quickly) with the new globalization movement of a corporate world based on best practices, transparency, accountability and credibility to foster the ideal world we want to see under the ideals of a sustainable planet with the United Nations and the Global Goals; the role of the human being and our identity is also being redefined.

On April 18th, 2016 the Universal Declaration on Human Rights was revised and improved to meet the needs of the human being and our role as the residents of the planet and the Global Citizenship Commission was introduced to expand our rights as human beings and participants of a healthy planet.

"We belong to the earth, the earth does not belong to us!" -Ambassador Col. David J. Wright

DPI/NGO Conference on Global Citizenship held in Korea

A global education action agenda affirming the importance of Sustainable Development Goal 4 – ensuring inclusive and equitable quality education and promoting lifelong opportunities for all – was adopted in Gyeongju, Republic of Korea.

Speaking from the podium at the 66th United Nations Department of Public Information (DPI)/Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) Conference, Ms. Cristina Gallach, UN Under-Secretary-General for Communications and Public Information, said “This Conference has demonstrated another example of the value for the United Nations in investing in partnership with academia and NGOs.”

The Gyeongju Action Plan provides concrete guidance for NGOs around the world to enhance their ability to lobby governments to commitment to implementing the Sustainable Sustainable Development Goals and mobilize NGOs in communities on the ground.

“The United Nations is committed to continue to support and partner with NGOs and academia in our joint efforts to advocate for and successfully implement the 2030 Agenda,” Ms. Gallach continued.

The newly adopted Action Plan includes a series of concrete measures for NGOs around the world to jump-start implementation of the 2030 Agenda at the grass roots level.

Dr. Scott Carlin, Conference Co-chair and Associate Professor of Geography at Long Island University, said “NGOs from around the world brought passion and expertise to lively final consultations on the outcome document. We are grateful for all of the inputs received and very proud of the Gyeongju Action Plan.”

“We hope that Gyeongju was an inspirational setting for finalizing a truly unifying action plan that will be useful for NGOs, wherever they are working,” added Co-Chair Dr.Yukang Choi.

First Youth Declaration

For the first time in the history of the DPI/NGO Conference, youth also developed and issued a Youth Declaration.

Ms. Gallach pointed out that youth had “come in great numbers, demonstrating the value that they see in partnering with the United Nations.”

Ahmad Alhendawi, the Secretary-General's Envoy on Youth, noted “the Conference not only reinforced the critical role of NGOs to achieve a vision for the 2030 Agenda, but also stressed the urgency for greater investments in education for Global Citizenship to unlock the potential of this massive generation of children and youth.”

“Unfortunately youth are still not involved enough in policy making processes around the world,” said Ms. Saphira Rameshfar, representative of the Baha'i Community and Conference youth leader.

“The Youth Declaration is a necessary reminder that young people are needed as leaders and decision-makers not only in youth forums and special-purpose councils, but in those spaces where the course and direction of society as a whole are determined,” added Ms. Rameshfar.

The Action Plan was drafted through a global multi-stakeholder consultation process, leading up to, and during the conference. It was adopted at the Conference's final plenary session and will be shared widely with civil society as well as the UN Secretary-General, the UN System, Member States and learning communities.

Related Articles

There are a number of relative articles and ideals that can be investigated and explored that justify the ideal world where fairness and collective prosperity can be understood. Please delve into them and learn more about our future as global citizens.

DPI/NGO Global Citizenship Conference Highlights (video summary on Facebook)
Conference Action Plan
Ban Ki-moon's Statements from the Conference

Wednesday, October 28, 2015

Are UHNW individuals Global Citizens?

Global Citizenship and the Ultra Wealthy - October 27, 2015 by WealthX

For UHNW individuals seeking citizenship or visa status in a foreign country, buying a home is often the best route.

Global citizenship was originally relative to personal wealth.

“Global citizenship” is becoming an increasingly popular tool for the world’s ultra wealthy. There are many different reasons why a UHNW individual might seek a second citizenship including, but not limited to: greater stability and security, tax efficiency, ease of travel, higher standard of living, increased options for children’s education, and investment opportunities that may not otherwise be available.

Location still remains an important factor for UHNW individuals, but on a country level rather than a street level. For many ultra wealthy people purchasing homes abroad, the passport is becoming as important as the neighborhood, according to Wealth-X and Sotheby’s UNHW Luxury Real Estate Report: Homes As Opportunity Gateways.

For UHNW individuals seeking citizenship or visa status in a foreign country, buying a home is often the best route. An increasing number of nations offer citizenship by investment programs, by which individuals can gain residency to a country following a significant investment.

The centerpiece of many of these programs is property investment. Financial requirements range widely – from a US$200,000 minimum real estate investment in Dominica to a US$700,000 minimum real estate investment in Spain and Cyprus. In return, investors gain residency or citizenship status after a multi-year waiting period.

Such programs are divided into Immigrant Investor Programs (IIPs), and Citizenship by Investment Programs (CIPs); IIPs require a residence permit as a condition for receiving citizenship, while CIPs do not. Interest in such programs comes from individuals in a wide range of nations, but much of it arises from the Middle East, as shown below:

Most Significant Countries of Origin for UNHW Individuals Who Have a Second Citizenship
Slightly less than 60% of all UHNW second citizenship applicants come from countries in the Middle East. One possible explanation for this is that the Middle East has a high proportion of its UHNW wealth belonging to billionaires (40%), more than any other region in the world. Billionaires are five times more likely to apply for a second citizenship, as they have more to gain from obtaining one and the costs of obtaining it are also lower, as a proportion of their wealth. As Middle Eastern wealth is skewed towards the top tiers and the attractiveness of a second citizenship increases with wealth, it would help explain why the region is over represented.

When examining this situation on a country level, it becomes clear that the UHNW individuals wishing to move or change their citizenship most commonly come from those countries that do not have high stability of asset security. Lebanon, Syria and Egypt,for example, have all experienced unrest in the last few years so it is logical for those who have the means to wish to move somewhere with greater stability.

The exception to this is the United States, which is the fifth most significant country in terms of the number of UHNW individuals applying for other citizenships. There are three factors that would help explain this apparent anomaly:
The United States has by far the largest UHNW population, so the share of American UHNW individuals wishing to move abroad is still small. For example, UHNW individuals from Syria are 300 times more likely to apply for a second citizenship than those from the US.
 There is greater transparency in the US, with a monthly list made public of those who have given up their citizenship. This makes it impossible for Americans to renounce their US citizenship “under the radar.”
The global taxation system can make it very expensive for UHNW individuals to maintain their US citizenship, especially if they are living in a lower taxed jurisdiction such as Switzerland, Dubai or Singapore. The annual savings in capital gains tax alone for an average UHNW individual could reach almost US$1 million (assuming an average UHNW individual receives 5% of his/her net worth in income a year, and 90% of this is subject to a capital gains tax rate of 15%).

Russia is also an interesting country to find near the top of this list. Much like the Middle East, billionaires in Russia have a disproportionate share of the country’s UHNW wealth, controlling 55% of the total. There are high profile examples of billionaires moving abroad, with London as a preferred destination.

As of 2015, over 20 nations offered citizenship by investment programs and as the graphic below shows, most nations offering citizenship by investment programs are located in Europe and the Caribbean.

Most Significant Regions of Citizenship Application
In addition, a number of nations offer programs where residency or citizenship can be gained via investment in local business interests. Especially in nations where these programs are paired with attractive tax regimes, buying a home can be part of an attractive wealth preservation plan.

This article does not reflect the ideals or views of Globcal International, the information here is provided as necessary encyclopedic material about factual accounting that brings empowers individual knowledge and insight for our membership and audience.

Friday, October 23, 2015

Taking Measures to Assist Europe's New Residents

Globcal International is an organization that takes a very serious view on all matters relative to human rights and our great civilization. Currently we are involved in the development of a global program involving citizenship alternatives for those who have been marginalized by the system, those who live and work internationally, and for those who have had enough of the day-in-day-out nation-state politics based in envy, plunder, racism, and greed resulting in societies that were built on discrimination and nationalism (most national governments).

Preparing Europe for Global Citizenship

Goodwill Ambassadors Karen Cantrell and
Antonino Landi meeting in Palermo, Sicily 
Over the past 20 years those responsible for the changes that are occurring in our society (people like you, me and others) have been focused on creating a global society that is rooted in fairness, best practices, equality, peace and sustainability. We have all had our ideals challenged by organizations influenced by their sponsors seeking an advantage over these horizons including religious institutions and nation-states that seek to possess and control the world, its riches, people and their advantage through corrupt controls.

In late September we took on and adopted a 'new deal' with new goals proposed by world leaders who unanimously agreed at the United Nations under the framework of a 15 year plan to revolutionize our great civilization eliminating poverty, bringing equality to humanity, and saving the planet from global warming and climate change. They labelled the world-wide program the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)s for those who work within the framework and nicknamed the project the Global Goals.

Our organization is delighted with the Global Goals as a way to bring equality to our planet and the people who inhabit it; however there are many issues and a great deal of resistance from those who want to retain their brute force control over the humanity. The pain and toil that built their nations over the years combined with organizations and corporations corruptly invested in country economies are at the helm of the disagreements. Despite the resistance of the shift toward a globalized world, the world leaders including monarchs and those elected democratically have all (193 of 196) agreed to the changes proposed by the 17 SDGs with 169 prime targets over the next 15 years.

Clearing the Way for Refugee and Migration Services

In an effort to better prepare our projects for implementation and development we had to take a first hand look to examine the crisis situations around the world especially those which involve discrimination. To accomplish this we needed to depend on our ambassadors in Europe to provide their first hand experience with the refugee crisis there. Coincidentally our goodwill ambassador, Princess Karen Cantrell traveled to Europe on October 13 and has taken time to meet with other Globcal International ambassadors regarding the refugee and migration issue.

Ambassador Cantrell is an executive council member and co-founder of Globcal International, she is the key person in the administration and development of the Hospitallers Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem (HOSLJ), a philanthropic charity and priory of the Roman Catholic Church located in the United States. During her trip she has shared some critical viewpoints and first hand knowledge relative to the refugee crisis in an effort to provide Globcal International better understanding over the issue.

When leaving Germany where she noted some discrimination against arriving Syrian refugees, she went to consult with our volunteer representative for Italy, Ambassador Antonino Landi in Palermo, Sicily to discuss the refugee crisis and to justify an aspect within the formation of our global citizenship project especially for refugees and their families.

Ambassador Cantrell reported that; "there was a great deal of debate and misgiving," she witnessed, "first hand a great deal of discrimination, but also a great deal of pro-refugee awareness and activism." She said in closing, "Germany is run by people with great minds and they have accepted this enormous social responsibility when others have turned their heads. Chancellor Merkel has stood fast on this issue and has the support of the majority of the German people. Those who fear a takeover have to live with their narrow mindedness and discriminatory nationalist ideals." She also cited the example of the Turkish wave of immigration years ago which has turned out historically to be very beneficial to the country's economy and the betterment of the society in general.

Including Everyone in the Global Agenda

After careful review of international law all the recent immigrants to Europe each and all possess particular human rights as refugees under the United Nations and may potentially become new global citizens under the Globcal International program based on the updated development of our project as soon as this January.

Friday, October 16, 2015

Wealthy Investors may pay a Global Citizen Tax

Conclusions of the 3rd Global Citizen Forum - October 14th, 2015, Monaco

Kofi Annan addressed the refugee
crisis in Europe and its root causes.
Global Citizen Forum concludes in Monaco with a call for greater cooperation between governments, private sector and individuals to address global migration challenges.

Story: Global Citizen Tax

The 3rd annual Global Citizen Forum concluded in Monaco on October 9, 2015. Global Citizens, world leaders, policymakers, philanthropists, celebrities and thought leaders gathered to discuss an array of issues currently facing the world, focusing on the escalating refugee crisis in Europe and the need for a political solution.

In his keynote address, Kofi Annan, the 7th Secretary General of the United Nations and Founder and Chair of the Kofi Annan Foundation, said that Europe is facing the greatest movement of refugees since World War II. “The historic refugee crisis Europe is facing today is so hard to solve because it is not a one-off, humanitarian phenomenon. It is, in fact, a by-product and symptom of much deeper political problems that beset regional and global order. It will therefore require concerted action not just in and by Europe, but among the regional powers of the Middle East, and the global powers of the Security Council.”

Irina Bokova, Director General of UNESCO, addressed the forum with the message that global citizenship lies in the future leaders of the world, the youth, and the great need to address issues such as access to education and teaching tolerance and peace among the world’s children. “To move forward, we need every actor on board, from civil society to the private sector, to connect the dots, to foster the innovation the world needs today. Each of us has a responsibility to others; each of us has a responsibility to the world. This is about human rights and dignity. This is about inclusion and peace. Fundamentally, this is about the kind of societies we want to live in.”

Refugee Solutions

During his address, José Manuel Barroso, former Prime Minister of Portugal and 11th President of the European Commission, looked at the meaning of borders and the role of global governance today. “We have learned that today we are more interdependent than ever. We can be proud of our local, national and regional identity, but also realizing that we are part of mankind. This refugee crisis is a time to show that we are serious about our values, that we can make them work in favor of common interest of mankind. The idea of this global citizen tax is one way. It shows that countries are not just interested in receiving the wealthy, but also sharing that wealth with those most in need.”

One proposed solution that was discussed was the idea for a Global Citizen Tax, endorsed by José Manuel Barroso. The tax would be a simple levy on investor applications for residence or citizenship in EU countries. The proposed tax could mean big changes, potentially delivering revenues of over a billion euros in the next five years. These impact of these funds could be realized through the creation of jobs, aid for the agencies working with refugees or other economic stimulation to the impacted countries.

Three-time Grammy award-winning artist and activist Wyclef Jean delivered a moving speech about his experience as a refugee and becoming a global citizen. Various panel discussions were held including a panel on peace and security that explored current geopolitical challenges and trends in the Middle East, Africa and other regions, and discussion on innovative approaches to addressing the refugee crisis and foreign direct investment’s impact in countries around the world. Leadership expert Robin Sharma spoke of the importance of individual leadership and becoming a “change-maker” in the global citizenship community during his session at the forum.

Global Citizenship Gala

The forum hosted the Global Citizen Gala on the evening of October 8th. Each year the GCF bestows Global Citizen Award at the Gala dinner and this year’s award was presented to Regina Catrambone, co-founder of the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) for the contribution the company founded by herself and her husband has made to bring awareness and aid to refugees. The Gala also featured a special performance by forum speaker, activist and performer, Wyclef Jean.

This year’s event aimed to inspire change, provoke innovation, encourage engagement and empower future generations. Attendees and speakers alike were challenged to think differently about global challenges and new ways to address them. Armand Arton, founder of the Global Citizen Forum, said: “This Forum was founded to focus on global challenges and opportunities related to migration and the concept of global citizenship from the perspective of individuals and governments. The past two days have seen energetic and thought-provoking discussion on a full spectrum of issues relating to global citizenship that have gone a long a way to building and deepening the global community that we aspire to create.”

Please find a short video here about this year’s event:

Tuesday, October 06, 2015

Are Migrants Global Citizens too?

​There Are No Migrants, Only Global Citizens​ - Thursday, 10 September 2015 by Robert C. Koehler for Buzzflash at TruthOut

Dispel the Ideal of Immigrants We are All One People!

Who are all these people?

Here’s another global problem — this flow of refugees — that national governments are apparently incapable of dealing with in a long-term, cooperative, globally responsible way. As with climate change, as with war and disarmament, they retreat into insularity in the face of such matters and become protective of their short-term, individual “interests,” which mostly concern the bureaucratic sacredness of their borders and an obsessive distinction between us and them.

“The European Union, (French President François Hollande) said, needed to create ‘hot spot’ reception centers at those borders under the greatest onslaught — in Greece, Italy and Hungary — to register new arrivals and turn back those who do not meet the requirements for asylum,” reports the New York Times.

And: “(British Prime Minister David) Cameron said Monday that Britain would accept up to 20,000 Syrian refugees, but they would most likely be limited to those who apply for asylum from camps in Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey. The British government is wary of giving migrants any incentive to make the dangerous journey into Europe, officials said. . . .”

Of course, it gets a lot worse than that: razor wire, brute force, big walls. Desperate people risk their lives. Boats capsize. Children die as racist slogans reverberate. Families flee war and poverty, hell on earth. They need new homes. What a nuisance.

The photo of the body of 3-year-old Aylan Kurdi, who washed up on a Turkish beach after his family’s boat capsized as they tried to escape Syria — his mother and 5-year-old brother also died — has turned the refugee crisis, at least temporarily, into something more than an abstraction. “Within hours,” Jamie Fahey wrote at the Guardian, which initially published the photo, “the image had gone viral and become the top-trending picture on Twitter with the hashtag #KiyiyaVuranInsanlik (humanity washed ashore).”

A New Horizon Ahead

Humanity washes ashore, but does anything change? There’s only one way for real change to happen: The value of human life must supersede citizenship. Refugees — people forced by terrible circumstances out of their homes — shouldn’t have their escape routes blocked, either by barbed wire or bureaucratic minutiae, because they have been rendered “stateless.”

For instance, while Aylan’s family had relatives in Canada and, therefore, could legally have entered that country, his parents “had been unable to get family reunification visas that would have given them a legal route out of Turkey,” the Washington Post reported. “Instead, they tried to reach Greece by boat, with tragic consequences.”

The arguments defending border restrictions concern the sanctity and necessity of maintaining national order. But these arguments begin to crumble when one considers the extent to which potential host nations bear responsibility for much of the chaos in those broken parts of the world — such as Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan — from which most of the world’s refugees are fleeing.

This phenomenon isn’t usually included in news stories about refugees. Thus they are portrayed either as pitiable unfortunates who need our benevolence or would-be freeloaders trying to get a good deal for themselves in some wealthy country with generous benefits.

But as Robert Parry, who as a reporter for the Associated Press in the 1980s helped expose the Iran-Contra fiasco, wrote recently: “The refugee chaos that is now pushing deep into Europe . . . started with the cavalier ambitions of American neocons and their liberal-interventionist sidekicks who planned to remake the Middle East and other parts of the world through ‘regime change.’

“Instead of the promised wonders of ‘democracy promotion’ and ‘human rights,’” he continued, “what these ‘anti-realists’ have accomplished is to spread death, destruction and destabilization across the Middle East and parts of Africa and now into Ukraine and the heart of Europe. Yet, since these neocon forces still control the Official Narrative, their explanations get top billing — such as that there hasn’t been enough ‘regime change.’”

The neocons, who began their “cult of regime change” in Central America during the Reagan era, reclaimed control over American foreign policy when Bush Jr. was elected president and used 9/11 to cohere support for their long-sought invasion of Iraq. This action, of course, shattered the country and let loose the howling chaos of civil war. Since then, the U.S. and its allies have perpetrated similar disasters in Libya, Syria and elsewhere, as they’ve continued to impose regime change on select Middle Eastern countries they hope to control.

But today’s global refugee crisis goes deeper than the neocons. The colonial powers of the Western world conquered and exploited the whole planet. Even when these powers relinquished their control over the Third World, they left behind a patchwork of states with randomly drawn borders that were in many cases deeply ungovernable.

As Gurminder K. Bhambra wrote recently in the Australian publication The Conversation: “The failure to properly account for Europe’s colonial past cements the political division between legitimate citizens with rights and migrants/refugees without rights. . . .

“If belonging to the history of the nation is what traditionally confers membership rights upon individuals (as most forms of citizenship demonstrate), it’s incumbent upon us to recognize the histories that would see refugees as already having claims upon the states they wish to enter.”

There should be no such concept as stateless migrants, left to the mercy of the weather and the tides, the smugglers of human cargo, the border bureaucrats. There should only be global citizens.

This is all of us, equal to one another in our humanity, equally deserving of the chance to live and prosper. The photos of a 3-year-old boy washed ashore in Turkey make this clear.
Blogger's Note: It is our objective to bring you timely information relative to our program developments, currently we have over 120 volumes and several hundred significant documents discussing the topic of "global citizenship" available to members. If any of our readers identify new articles that portray a negative discourse on the ideal of world, global or universal citizenship please bring it to our attention for the opportunity to provide debate and include it within the developing philosophy. Also feel free to submit articles on the topic of your own devise. Our projects are based in academic and philosophical ideals and we appreciate examining all perspectives to develop and maintain a nondiscriminatory position. The articles we post on our blog do not necessarily reflect our point of view. Thank you.

Sunday, October 04, 2015

The Stateless Global Citizen

The Global Citizen without a Country?

by Daniel E. Ritchie
within Culture, Education, Foreign Affairs

Within a few years of the September 11 attacks, anyone on a university campus could observe the steady growth of programs and institutes promoting global citizenship. By 2009, a number of my students on a study-abroad trip to the Middle East preferred to be known as global citizens rather than Americans. President Obama, who had proclaimed himself a “citizen of the world” the previous summer, was inaugurated the night we climbed Mount Sinai, and even the brand of water we purchased at the summit— “Baraka”—seemed to proclaim a new world order.

Of the top fifty U.S. News & World Report national universities, 60 percent have programs that identify or describe themselves in terms of global citizenship. So do over half of the top twenty-five colleges. Nearly all of these programs were founded or re-branded since 2001. This is remarkable, but understandable: who would deny that we have responsibilities to the rest of the world, or that we have loyalties beyond our own country? Who doesn’t want our universities to teach more effectively about the rest of the world?

The promise of global citizenship is as expansive as the rhetoric at the opening of a new session at the UN. Unfortunately, it’s often just as empty. To re-phrase H. Richard Niebuhr, this movement often imagines that citizens without countries will bring humans without a nature into society without culture through laws without foundation.
Thomas Paine

Citizens without Countries

Actual citizenship entails formal membership in a particular political community with legally defined rights and duties. We quarrel over what citizenship means in the US because we have a common vocabulary to describe that membership. By contrast, you can easily lose your path upon entering the thicket of theory that marks the language of the global citizenship movement.

In their 2002 book Global Citizenship, Nigel Williams and John Dower define the global citizen as a member of the wider community of all humanity, or some whole that is wider than that of a nation-state. This membership involves a significant identity, loyalty, or commitment beyond the nation-state.

The global citizen who gets the highest praise typically works for a secular nongovernmental organization (NGO) such as Greenpeace, Amnesty International, or Doctors Without Borders. But the definition would also apply to the adherents of any world religion and to many employees of multinational corporations.

Still, none of these people has actual political membership in a global community where he must “rule and be ruled,” as Aristotle described the citizen. Religions and NGOs are not self-sufficient. Their members don’t have to debate policies that radically affect everyone in the community where they live. Above all, members’ participation is voluntary, unlike that of a citizen. Their loyalties may be “dissolved by the fancy of the parties,” to quote Edmund Burke’s critique of the revolutionary notion of citizenship in France. In short, they may contribute to the civil society of one nation, or several, but they are not “citizens” of any global entity—and some of the theorists admit as much.

The problem is not that the movement uses the term “citizenship” loosely. The problem comes from its view that citizenship in an actual country is merely arbitrary or contingent.

Theorists of global citizenship often appeal to Diogenes’ famous declaration: “I am a citizen of the world.” Like him, they deny that any actual political community can compete with their allegiance to universal human rights and global justice. But in fixing a gulf between the temporal and the universal or spiritual, they often fall into that classic Western temptation: Gnosticism. For them, the place of one’s birth is merely accidental—“morally irrelevant,” to use Martha Nussbaum’s phrase.

As their critics point out, they place little value on the legal, social, and cultural histories of the countries that have protected the rights and established the social benefits they champion. Instead, their faith is in lists of principles that will be carried out sometime in the future.

When looking for a paradigmatic world citizen, these writers often point to Thomas Paine, Burke’s most famous antagonist. “My attachment is to all the world,” he wrote, “and not to any particular part.” Paine was good at stirring up the revolutionary spirit in 1776, but John Adams rapidly concluded that Paine had “a better hand at pulling down than building.” Eager to drum up American support for the revolution in France, Paine tried unsuccessfully to win George Washington over to the cause.

As an honorary French citizen, Paine accepted a seat in the National Assembly, despite his poor understanding of the language. Thrown into prison during the Terror, he blamed Washington for not springing him free. It seems that the world citizen was now claiming American citizenship and the rights pertaining thereunto.

Paine’s story captures the problem perfectly. If you’re attached to the entire world, you needn’t even learn the language of the country you’re legislating for. But if you get in trouble, complain to Washington.

Humans without a Nature

It’s impossible to read the material on global citizenship without respecting its adherents’ commitment to human rights, peace, and global access to education, medicine, clean water, and food. 

Yet theory is the lifeblood of the global citizenship movement, and that theory is usually abstracted from actual practices and particular societies. “The core of the cosmopolitan moral orientation,” writes Luis Cabrera, “is that individuals, not states, nations, or other groupings, are morally primary.” That often means individuals are considered apart from their actual, social lives.
Edmund Burke

The world would no doubt be a much better place if all political, social, and civil rights were respected. But to quote Burke again:

this sort of people are so taken up with their theories about the rights of man, that they have totally forgot his nature. Without opening up one new avenue to the understanding, they have succeeded in stopping up those that lead to the heart.

Burke’s politics, like Aristotle’s, follow from his concept of human nature. Aristotle wrote that the good human life could not be attained outside political communities. Rulers must therefore be concerned for the virtue of citizens. Burke agrees: only in civil society is man capable of achieving “the perfection of which his nature is capable.”

“Human nature,” “perfection,” “virtue”: these terms rarely come up in discussions of global citizenship. But without a common language for inquiring into the nature of humanity as something other than an arbitrary social construct, how can we agree on human rights?

Society without Culture

Like Thomas Paine, most theorists of global citizenship have little interest in the complexities of the actual societies and governments that mediate between the individual and the universal community. One can read book after book on global citizenship without learning anything about any particular culture.

This paradox has its source in “the cosmopolitan orientation” that Cabrera described: the individual is morally primary, not the nation or any other grouping. Unfortunately, in seeking to create sympathy for individuals around the world, cosmopolitanism systematically devalues the affection that most people have for their home culture.

Once again, the contrast with the career of Edmund Burke could not be more revealing. Although Burke’s fame rests on his criticism of the French Revolution, his last fourteen years in Parliament were equally concerned with Britain’s mistreatment of the peoples of India. To that end, Burke led an impeachment effort against the Governor-General of Bengal, Warren Hastings.

Burke became intensely interested in the land and peoples of India; he studied the Qur’an, pored over maps, examined Muslim and Hindu sources of law, and hosted the high-caste Brahmin who came to Britain to plead the case of the Mahratta people.

Creating sympathy for India was difficult. In his India speeches, Burke stresses similarities between Indian and British customs as seen in particular religious, social, or legal practices. By pointing out the affinities between the customs of British and Indian cultures, Burke tried to pass along the sympathy for India that he had begun to feel. At a deeper level, he argued that when customs and laws benefit a people, however alien they appear to us, they show their faithfulness to the underlying natural law that governs the cosmos.

Burke’s appeals to natural law, Providence, and justice are inseparable from the actual laws, customs, and misdeeds of people, both in Britain and India. His globalism is the opposite of that of the contemporary global citizen. Burke finds the universal embodied in the actual practices of citizens and the natural expressed in local customs. Burke did not conceive of India as an inferior, exotic “other.” It was precisely his attachment to cherished British cultural forms that enabled him to see the value of India’s analogous but different traditions.

Law without Foundation 

For Burke, sympathy moves from the heart to the understanding by way of the moral imagination. Particular, embodied persons and institutions come first, along with the affection and sympathy they create.

From his earliest writings on Ireland, Burke’s thought derives its moral power from his belief in the rational order established by God for the providential guidance of the cosmos. At the end of his four-day speech at the opening of Hastings’ impeachment, Burke concludes:

I impeach him in the name of the Commons of Great Britain in parliament assembled, whose parliamentary trust he has betrayed . . . I impeach him in the name of the people of India, whose laws, rights and liberties he has subverted . . . I impeach him in the name and by virtue of those eternal laws of justice which he has violated. I impeach him in the name of human nature itself, which he has cruelly outraged, injured and oppressed, in both sexes, in every age, rank, situation and condition of life.

Burke begins with the specific “parliamentary trust” that Hastings has betrayed and only then moves to the “eternal laws of justice.” His principles are general, but they are not abstracted from the situation in which they arise. They are universal but, unlike the French revolutionaries’ language of rights, they cannot be disembodied from their social context.

Reading the theorists of global citizenship is a different experience in every way. They reject the rational, divinely ordered cosmos of Burke. Like other postmodern thinkers, they are skeptical of narratives that try to describe a society’s history over time. They consistently downgrade our obligations to the communities into which we are born. Instead, they put forward lists of principles (equal worth, autonomy, etc.) that aspire to universal acceptance and binding obligation. Once we depreciate the ways in which actual societies have justified their laws and traditions, however, it’s hard to imagine much enthusiasm for founding a global society on such general principles.

A rare exception to this approach is Kwame Anthony Appiah. Like Burke, Appiah reflects critically and sympathetically on various stories, customs, and images from his past. Raised in Ghana, Appiah’s cosmopolitanism is rooted in conversations with people about particular novels, histories, films, and works of art and philosophy—not in abstract principles. His few universal beliefs seem to arise naturally from these conversations. Like Burke in his India speeches, he provides a model of listening to voices from other cultures, of optimism that a generous mind can gain moral guidance from them, and of affection for the people, institutions, and customs he encounters along the way.

When I returned to Egypt in 2012, a year after the January 25 revolution, I heard nationalistic language and saw nationalistic imagery. I didn’t miss the absence of global rhetoric, but I would have felt more optimistic about the future if these affections had lined up with the second half of Burke’s approach—an underlying order that goes beyond Egyptian politics or an Islamic society.

Obviously, successful legal reforms in any contemporary country would differ from anything Burke had in mind. Still, his way of going about that task has much to teach our cosmopolitan age. Ultimately, he passes down to us an embodied version of a familiar phrase: love your neighbor as you love yourself. We cannot do better than that.

Daniel E. Ritchie is Professor of English at Bethel University in Minnesota. This article was written with research assistance from Amy Riggins. They would like to thank the Edgren Scholarship Fund of Bethel University for research support.

Original publication by Daniel E. Ritchie, September 4th, 2014. Re-published by Globcal International as a significant article on the topic of global citizenship.

Thursday, October 01, 2015

Goodwill Ambassadors call for Social Media Integrity

Professionalize your Social Media Profile for Transparency

New days, innovations, and ideals are ahead for us all as the world embraces and comes to grip with the new United Nations' Global Goals (SDG)s that promise to change humanity and the world-view. Consider the fact that we are going to end poverty, alleviate hunger, and change the world to create the equality we all want around the world. Now is the time to adapt!

The conversion will be in many ways abrupt, well-controlled, orderly, stubborn, and exhausting, but will involve a high-degree of transparency. This change must involve transparency because if trust and integrity become an issue there will be a disaster. Facebook, Google, LinkedIn, YouTube, and many other Internet based enterprises are already directly involved with the globalization of local micro-economies and their integration with the macro or global economic system; they would probably be indirectly involved anyway whether or not they support the United Nations SDGs or not.

Using the Social Media to Create Trust and Transparency

The social media will play a big role in updating our world to comply with the 17 Sustainable Development Goals, SDGs, or Global Goals that were signed last week by world leaders at the Sustainable Development Summit in New York. Now nations fear losing their sovereignty while people gain more control their personal human rights and over the destiny of the planet within the guidelines to meet the goals. This will all be done using the Internet (super-connected world) to govern the rule of law and monitor progressive development within the nations. Its our understanding international transparency teams are also being used to eliminate corruption in governments.

Social media and online personal profiles will play a gigantic role in the implementation of these Global Goals. The protagonists of the great development will be expected to be transparent in the delivery of their work as social entrepreneurs and members of international organizations otherwise the public, donors, and other organizations will not be able to trust to receive their funds and execute projects.

Focus on your Presentation

Create a well-elaborated social media profile that people can find using Google and Bing search engines. You can create profiles on Google+, Facebook, LinkedIn, XING, VK, and other social media platforms that are compliant with the new emerging Internet Governance under RDFa and

A good social media profile allows people to reach you by email or through your profile directly, include your place of employment, where your currently reside and your home location. It will include your personal photograph or resemblance. Your social media posts should be adjusted so everyone can see your work, if you use Facebook or other networks for family and personal purposes too, you can adjust your posts.

Goodwill ambassadors working with Globcal International are encouraged to keep a public figure profile that provides a transparent curriculum vitae of their life's work, and expect that all others responsible for handling funds derived through donations, philanthropy, or other bequests do the same if they work with non-governmental organizations (NGO)s, with government, foundations, or with corporations. Transparency best practices start with the person working within the NGO or corporation not under the political protection of a corporate body and reputation.

There are a great number of other organizations, corporations, and Internet social entrepreneurs that are jumping on the bandwagon to take advantage of the 176 trillion dollars being spent by the World Bank to realize the SDGs over the next 15 years to create "the World We Want." Many players are very skeptical because they know that there is too much work involved of value from our former social generation that needs to be adapted so the matrix or system does not come tumbling down upon itself; so it may be some time before we fully understand how these 17 goals will be pursued and realized.

Best Practices and Business

Using the Internet, organizations like Globcal International, the Rand Corporation, the Council on Foreign Relations and other think tanks (public policy institutes) are examining and analyzing the world playing field with the advent of the UN's new Global Goals and Post-2015 Agenda we are prepared to adapt and understand a global rule of law involving ecological integrity with other nations and as it seems corporations. 

Directly ahead we can expect to see a great degree of sovereign, national, and corporate imperial policy manipulation to maintain control and ties over land, mining, and exploitable natural resource interests. Utilizing the ideals of best practices and transparency (as stipulated) corporations and non-governmental organizations established under the jurisdictional laws of the United States of America will have both the most to gain and most to lose when it comes time to adapt, beginning now to the Post-2015 Agenda.

Transparency is the Key

It is our understanding as advocates of goodwill, the Global Goals, fair-globalization, and social reform will greatly depend on the social media based on the design and development integrity involving Internet RDFa, those who operate quietly in the shadows as unknown or global corporate citizens will be required step-up and show themselves so that other non-corporate global citizens can believe in them and trust them. Be understood without the corporate veil, people trust people not corporations, it would be unnatural to trust a non-human corporate person. With the Global Goals the system of trusting governments, corporations, and non-profits became much more difficult or challenging for everyone involved, but much better too!

Thursday, September 24, 2015

Global Leaders Discuss Global Citizenship for Refugees

Kofi Annan, Global Leaders will Discuss Future of Global Citizenship and Solutions to Migrant Crisis at Global Citizen Forum 2015

Global Citizens, world leaders, policymakers, philanthropists, celebrities and thought leaders will gather next month in the Principality of Monaco for the 3rd annual Global Citizen Forum (GCF) held from 8-9 October 2015. This year, the GCF, a non-profit platform, will call attention to the intensifying refugee crisis in Europe and the urgent need to enact effective solutions. Additionally the Forum will feature discussions on global security, foreign direct investment and the future of global citizenship.

“During a time of tremendous global challenges including the refugee and migration crisis along with continued global economic volatility, the Forum aims to gather not only thinkers but those willing to take action to drive change on these important issues collaboratively,” says Armand Arton, the Forum’s Founder. “Our aim is to work together with governments, policymakers, philanthropists and global citizens to present public-private solutions to some of today’s most pressing challenges – and then to work together to bring those solutions to life,” says Arton.

For the first time, the Forum will consider the impact of current mass migration trends and what those trends mean in the face of today’s political and economic uncertainty. "In the face of the escalating refugee crisis, we must respond together as global citizens, with the firm resolve to do what is right, to do what is fair, and to treat fellow human beings with the dignity they deserve. This is what the GCF is about, and I'm looking forward to being part of this year's discussions," shares Irina Bokova, Director-General of Unesco and a speaker at the Forum.

“Every day we are reading the headlines on the growing global refugee and migration crisis – a challenge bridging both the Middle East and Europe,” says Jacques Attali, French economist, writer and former advisor to the President of France and a speaker at this year’s Forum.

One potential solution to this challenge is the Global Citizen Tax which will be further discussed at the forum. The tax would be a simple levy on investor applications for residence or citizenship in EU countries. The proposed tax could mean big changes, potentially funding over a billion euros in the next five years. These funds demonstrate the positive impact global citizenship can have, whether it’s through the creation of jobs, aid for the agencies working with refugees or other economic stimulation to the impacted countries.

“We know that wealthy global migrants now act as drivers of economic growth, contributing around 50 billion euros of foreign direct investment to countries around the world, and by using some of the citizen investment funds to help solve the growing crisis, we can effect positive change that makes a tangible difference,” according to Arton.

The Forum will also empower discussions on what it means to be a global citizen and the opportunities for economic growth and mobility that globalization presents. “This year’s Forum will be a place for an open and honest dialogue on the changing global landscape, and our responsibility as global citizens to implement the ideas we discuss –together,” says Arton. He will be joined by some of the world’s thought leaders, government officials, policy makers and philanthropists who will gather to discuss these pressing issues and to innovative solutions to meet the changing global landscape.
Kofi Annan (Facebook Photo)

In addition to Kofi Annan, former Secretary-General of the United Nations, this year’s speakers include Jose Manuel Barroso, former President of the European Commission and former Prime Minister of Portugal; Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO and a number of other activists and public figures.

On October 8, 2015, the Forum will host the Global Citizen Gala. During the Gala, the 2015 Global Citizen Forum Award will be presented. The award honours individuals who have contributed to the development of global citizenship through their work within the global community. The gala also features a special performance by artist and activist, Wyclef Jean, who will also be speaking at the forum.

Tuesday, May 27, 2014

Global Citizenship

An Ideal of Necessity 

by Herbert London February 24, 2014

When President Obama visited Berlin a couple of years ago he raised the prospect of an idea that circulated throughout the twentieth century: world citizenship. Eminentos such as H.G. Wells and Bertrand Russell contended that unless humanity embraced this notion, it is doomed.

Whether this idea has veracity or not is beside the point since the president believes that trans-national progressivism, a form of world government, is the impetus for his foreign policy positions. It explains in part why he has channeled key foreign policy matters through the United Nations and why he maintains the U.S. is neither more nor less exceptional than any other nation.

Universities have climbed aboard this ideological bandwagon arguing that the world's great challenges demand a global perspective (read: world citizenship). What these programs do not answer is the obvious question: As a global citizen, to whom do I pledge allegiance? Moreover, as a global citizen what entity protects my rights? From whom do I obtain a passport? And on whose laws should I depend?

If a national allegiance is eliminated, how is one identified in this global melting pot? Clearly this is one of those utopian ideas that only a group of scholars can take seriously. However, in Washington circles it has gained traction through the voices of Dean Koh, Amy Gutman, Ann Marie Slaughter, among others. There is a well entrenched belief that American interest should be subordinate to an abstract international interest. The discussion of the Treaty of The Seas, to cite one example, falls into this category since our rivals, in this case Russia and China, pursue their national goals and the U.S. reiterates global goals.

This mind set reminds me of Samuel Butler's novel Erehwon (Nowhere spelled backwards). It is the name of a country discovered by the novel's protagonist. But in essence, it is a utopia - a place that exists solely in the human imagination. In most respects, it is very much like "the citizen of the world," an idea that sounds reasonable but is utterly absurd and unworkable.

For advocates of this viewpoint, global citizenship is a way to transform America, to change the idiosyncratic idea of this republic into an amalgam of ideas borrowing from variegated sources. The curriculum in most colleges is moving in this direction. NYU, for example, contends that the "traditional state-to-state mindset may be at odds with the realities of our increasingly globalized planet."

A case can be made for economic issues that transcend geographic boundaries. Pneumonia in Europe causes a cold in North America. However, social and political matters are largely national and those attempts at post-national enterprises such as the European Union, have a dubious history and uncertain future.

There is little doubt a world government will not soon be upon us unless, of course, Islam conquers the world or China's notion of the Middle Kingdom gains ascendency. But there is a valid concern about procedural policy issues that rely on global principles. To cite yet another example: A recent Supreme Court decision, presumably guided by the U.S. Constitution, relied on a precedent in Zimbabwe's Courts. Even if the precedent is useful, this globalized viewpoint has serious implications for the future of American jurisprudence.

One need not be narrowly nationalistic to assume world government and its global citizens are a fantasy most likely realized as dystopia. Unfortunately the advocates of this notion have penetrated the porous walls of the Academy and have even influenced those in the corridors of influence and power.

Herbert London is a Senior Fellow at the Manhattan Institute and the President of the London Center for Policy Research. He is president emeritus of Hudson Institute and author of the book The Transformational Decade (University Press of America).

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